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History of Cuiaba

February 25, 2012

Cuiabá is located at the precisely at the central point of South America and is one of the modern cities of Brazil. As per the history of Cuiabá, the origin of its name alludes to the South American Indian custom of using arrows to fish in River Cuiabá (photo), thus meaning “arrow fishing”.

In 1719, Pascoal Moreira Cabral found gold at the site which is now known as Cuiabá. Following the gold rush, the gold seekers travelled for more than three thousand kilometers from Sao Paulo for almost half a year. They faced several perils on their way as they found little food, dangerous rapids, mosquitoes and many diseases. This was a crucial point in the history of Cuiabá as the period of gold rush came to an end and the mines decayed. Nonetheless, the soil along the region was quite fertile and it allowed for little agriculture. Also, the river provided enough fish for survival.

In 1835, Cuiabá became the capital city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. However, the town was in decay and remained petite until the war against Paraguay, which was a period of economic resurgence though short-lived in the history of Cuiabá. The town supplied sugar, food and timber to the Brazilian troops. This brief period of boom brought some infrastructure in the town of Cuiabá.

Once the war was over, the town was again dismissed from the minds by the rest of the countrymen and went into decline to the point where it was used as a location for exile for taxing and bothersome politicians by the Imperial and later on the republican governments as well as per the history of Cuiabá. Nevertheless, the old Brazilian customs and rituals remained sealed until the twentieth century due to the segregation of Cuiabá as a consequence.

From 1930, Cuiabá started breaking away from its isolation and was turned into a city with the   establishment of a fine network of roads and later with the introduction of aviation. The city was now connected to many other important cities. Furthermore, from 1960 onwards, city’s growth tailed off as a result of the construction of Brasilia and an immense agricultural economy which was a significant point in the history of Cuiabá. Beyond a shadow of doubt, Cuiabá was eventually released into the modern world.

In the following two decades during the history of Cuiabá, the growth of Cuiabá went northward with the commercialization of agriculture and the cities’ roads were used to ship soybeans and rice produced locally so that the produce could be sold abroad (the biggest producers of soybeans in Brazil are in Cuiaba; read about the father of soybeans; the Governor of Mato Grosso is a major soybeans farmer) . This fast paced growth was evident in the increase of the population of Cuiabá. The number of city’s inhabitants rose from 50,000 to a quarter of a million (including those from neighboring areas and small towns) from 1960 to 1980.

Since 1990, history of Cuiabá has seen a decrease in the rate of population growth as other cities in the state have started attracting more immigrants than the capital of Mato Grasso itself. Moreover, tourism in Cuiabá has emerged as an attractive source of income only in recent years.

However, the capital has not been able to escape the modern day evils. It has also become prone to various types of pollution and destruction of natural habitat. Until recently, environmental issues have never been a cause of anxiety during the history of Cuiabá in this modern, pleasant city.


From → cuiaba, matogrosso

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